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Moisture Oil/Fat Product Temperature
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Application Driver: Biscuit moisture impacts taste, quality and shelf life. Biscuit moisture that is too low causes the biscuit to crumble. Biscuit moisture that is too high adversely impacts biscuit texture, taste and shelf life.
Project Justification: Laboratory moisture testing consists of taking biscuit samples from left, right and center of dryer exit prior to the cooler and packaging operation. It has been determined that the left and right side are consistent with each other and the center is usually 0.2 to 0.4% dryer than the edges. Additionally, the packaged biscuit moisture varied with ambient temperature and humidity while the biscuit travelled from dryer exit through cooler and onto packaging operation.
Installation of a NIR Moisture Transmitter at cooler exit and prior to packaging allows the operator to see the actual moisture of biscuits being packaged and make required adjustments or feed the signal into a PLC to control the moisture. This improves quality control, reduces start up time waiting for lab values and reduces waste. The large 5.7” Operator Interface displays moisture percent in green for good product, yellow for alert and red for alarm. Additionally a stack light flashes when biscuit moisture is out of spec and annunciates if in alarm condition to draw operator’s attention to process.
The Corrugation Process requires the single face and double facer to match moistures to minimize warpage. Historically when corrugated board warped, small companies would just have employees flip it over until humidity leveled it out. Not scientific but functional and at the time economically effective to create good board if time and order delivery allowed. The increasing demand for corrugated packaging is driving efficiencies.
Times have changed with industry consolidation, importance of short delivery times and need for high quality flat board for folding operations.
Process SensorsMCT460 is a stand-alone Near Infrared Moisture and/or Coating Analyzer. The Guardian Cross Direction Web Profile System supplies alarms, archiving and much more. The screen display easily shows the web profile in bright green, yellow and red for in-spec, alert and alarm conditions.
Process Sensors can supply solutions for warpage and coating measurements. Water based wax coatings can be measured on the wet end at the moisture peak of 1.94µ or on the dry end at the 2.34µ hydrocarbon peak. Ethernet outputs, Kepware OPC, Modbus TCP allow easy communication for moisture control systems. Steam Re-Moisturizers, Liquid Application Systems and Sprayers can benefit from moisture and coating measurements to optimize process control.
Additionally, our Process Sensors IR Division can supply all of your Product Temperature and Thermal Imaging needs. PSC IR excels at understanding and meeting your immediate need through an international network of specialists.
SenWare can supply all your On-Line, Lab and Portable Color Measurement Needs. Their specialty is in determining if you need full tri-color stimuli that they offer in all formats such as L*a*b*; L,a,b; RGB etc. or a simpler version for your needs. Contact SenWare to discuss your color measurement needs.
We work with leading Re-Moisturizer, Coating and Dryer Suppliers. Please contact us at: 508.473-9901 to discuss your needs!
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A Visit from St. Nicholas
‘Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse;
The stockings were hung by the chimney with care,
In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there;
The children were nestled all snug in their beds;
While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads;
And mamma in her ‘kerchief, and I in my cap,
Had just settled our brains for a long winter’s nap,
When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter,
I sprang from my bed to see what was the matter.
Away to the window I flew like a flash,
Tore open the shutters and threw up the sash.
The moon on the breast of the new-fallen snow,
Gave a lustre of midday to objects below,
When what to my wondering eyes did appear,
But a miniature sleigh and eight tiny rein-deer,
With a little old driver so lively and quick,
I knew in a moment he must be St. Nick.
More rapid than eagles his coursers they came,
And he whistled, and shouted, and called them by name:
“Now, Dasher! now, Dancer! now Prancer and Vixen!
On, Comet! on, Cupid! on, Donner and Blitzen!
To the top of the porch! to the top of the wall!
Now dash away! dash away! dash away all!”
As leaves that before the wild hurricane fly,
When they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky;
So up to the housetop the coursers they flew
With the sleigh full of toys, and St. Nicholas too—
And then, in a twinkling, I heard on the roof
The prancing and pawing of each little hoof.
As I drew in my head, and was turning around,
Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound.
He was dressed all in fur, from his head to his foot,
And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and soot;
A bundle of toys he had flung on his back,
And he looked like a pedler just opening his pack.
His eyes—how they twinkled! his dimples, how merry!
His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a cherry!
His droll little mouth was drawn up like a bow,
And the beard on his chin was as white as the snow;
The stump of a pipe he held tight in his teeth,
And the smoke, it encircled his head like a wreath;
He had a broad face and a little round belly
That shook when he laughed, like a bowl full of jelly.
He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf,
And I laughed when I saw him, in spite of myself;
A wink of his eye and a twist of his head
Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread;
He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work,
And filled all the stockings; then turned with a jerk,
And laying his finger aside of his nose,
And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose;
He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle,
And away they all flew like the down of a thistle.
But I heard him exclaim, ere he drove out of sight—
“Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good night!”
Those delicious flakes frosted with sugar and similar spices like cinnamon to mini-wheat biscuits are carefully monitored for accurate FDA Food Safety and Compliance Standards. Process Sensors helps make these important measurements. Measuring the water based sugar coating and vitamin enrichment stations is very similar to our PSC water based coat weight measurement for labels and tapes. The sugar water ratio is well controlled with precise metering systems and liquid/solid refractometry analyzers.
Cereal flakes were invented by Dr. John Kellogg and his brother Will Kellogg (W.K.) in 1894, at their Battle Creek, Michigan, sanitarium. They were experimenting with wheat, trying to make “a digestible substitute for bread,” when they accidentally left a batch soaking in water overnight. The next day, they discovered it could be formed and baked into little flakes.
After four more years of trial and effort, the Kelloggs successfully applied the process to corn. However, they only sold cornflake by mail as a health food, to patients and former patients; Dr. Kellogg wasn’t interested in distributing it to the general public.
Flaked and sugar flaked cereals soon became an American staple with milk as a source of fortified Vitamin D from multiple suppliers. The flakes are sprayed with a sweet (sugary) solution at approximately 230 degrees C followed by rotary drum dryers and then a vitamin spray bath. Click Here to see a video on the process. The dried and sugary vitamin enhanced flakes are then packaged for supermarket shelves.
Each unit operation contributes to shelf life and taste, and benefits from monitoring with Near Infrared (NIR) Process Analyzers.
Happy Thanksgiving from Process Sensors! May all enjoy family friends and a great meal. Gobble! Gobble!
Before dinner later this week you’ll probably have some snack food appetizers. Maybe put out some Potato Chips for guests or some corn chips with dip. Have you ever wondered why your favorite brands taste so good, not too oily and crisped just right? Likely the manufacturer measures moisture and oil in the chip manufacturing process with a Near Infrared Moisture & Oil Transmitter. These non-contacting process transmitters supply digital displays, analog and digital outputs for monitoring, control and food safety data archiving. The stainless steel housing protects the transmitter from the often oily and salty environment. The QuikCheck At-Line and Lab Analyzer also speeds lab analysis of samples.
So when you next enjoy a crispy chip, think PSC!
Adhesive lane thickness and moisture measurement across a paper or film web continues to increase with food and other packaging demands. Instead of coating an entire web for label stock, these applications only coat narrow lanes of adhesive spaced across the web.
Process Sensors has developed a system that is quickly becoming the industry standard for spaced lane adhesive thickness and substrate moisture measurement. The Guardian Lane Measurement System allows operators to monitor each adhesive lane across the web.
The Scanning Frame System automatically detects web edges and stores lane locations from the edge to make measurements. The Near Infrared (NIR) transmitter can measure the coating on the wet end at the 1.94µ water peak or on the dry end at the 2.34µ hydrocarbon peak. The unique elongated and rectangular angled viewing area for measurement insures accurate measurement on even very narrow stripe/lane widths.
This Lane Measurement Profile System reduces start up time and scrap. After start up, systems normally run through and process measurement is less needed unless in closed loop control. Many small to medium sized companies benefit from these reasonable priced measurement systems but find that after start up and achieving set point, operators don’t always pay attention to profile. To meet this need, many incorporate Stack Alarms that trigger when any zone goes out of specification to alarm and cause the operator to view the profile and take corrective action (clean or replace a valve, increase actuator pressure, change water disk speed, adjust skew on LAS, etc.).
Data and Roll Reports can be saved and archived for QC and QA needs.
Some believe that this originates from the date that the Knights Templar were arrested and their assets seized under the orders of French King Phillip IV on Friday the 13th, 1307. The Knights Templar name was derived from their first headquarters established in Jerusalem as Temple of Solomon in 1120 in the captured Al Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount which was allegedly built upon the ruins of Solomon’s original temple.
The Knights Templar were formed to protect Christian Pilgrims on their journey to Jerusalem and started with nine knights including Godfrey de Saint-Omer and André de Montbard. Their emblem of two Knights riding a single horse represented their poverty compared to other rival Knightly Orders such as Hospitaller and Teutonic . They lived on donations from Christian nobleman and Kings and were granted special privileges by the Church. Quickly their Order grew in size and assets. The likely high point of their military crusades was the defeat of Saladin’s army of 26,000 at the Battle of Montgisard with a few thousand soldiers led by 500 Templar Knights with their fierce attacks in full armor mounted on horses in 1177.
Over the years, the Knight Templars influence grew far away from the battlefield with administration, castles and estates in France and England. They developed one of the first banking systems so that travelers could make a deposit at the local Templar and receive a coded letter that when delivered to another Templar site allowed them to receive funds less a donation. This allowed travelers to avoid being robbed of gold or other riches by bandits when traveling.
As leadership changed, so did the Knights fortune. The Knights Templar rode across a desert in full armor with no rest to reach the Battle of the Horns of Hattin in 1187 where they were defeated soundly by Saladin when Muslim forces recaptured Jerusalem. Their military influence waned to non-existent as their financial position rapidly grew. While the Knights took an oath of poverty, the wealth the Order controlled was vast.
King Phillip the IV persuaded the new Pope Clement who had moved the Catholic Curia to Avignon France and under Phillip’s influence to investigate alleged crimes of the order so as to avoid paying the huge debt he owed the Knights Templar from financing his war with England. The Knights were accused of Satanic and Pagan like rituals and Heresy.
And so, on the morning of Friday the 13th, 1307 began the destruction of the order with the arrests and torture of the Knights culminating with Grand Master Jaques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney, Preceptor of Normandy, being burnt at the stake in Paris on March 18, 1314 after recanting their earlier confessions. Jaques de Molay allegedly screamed through the flames that “God knows who is wrong and has sinned and a calamity will occur to those who condemned us to death”. Pope Clement died within a month and King Phillip died of a hunting accident within a year.
The Great Fortune of the Knights Templar was never found and legends abound with most featuring escapes with Treasure by the surviving Knights to England, Scotland, and North America.