Those delicious flakes frosted with sugar and similar spices like cinnamon to mini-wheat biscuits are carefully monitored for accurate FDA Food Safety and Compliance Standards. Process Sensors helps make these important measurements. Measuring the water based sugar coating and vitamin enrichment stations is very similar to our PSC water based coat weight measurement for labels and tapes. The sugar water ratio is well controlled with precise metering systems and liquid/solid refractometry analyzers.
Cereal flakes were invented by Dr. John Kellogg and his brother Will Kellogg (W.K.) in 1894, at their Battle Creek, Michigan, sanitarium. They were experimenting with wheat, trying to make “a digestible substitute for bread,” when they accidentally left a batch soaking in water overnight. The next day, they discovered it could be formed and baked into little flakes.
After four more years of trial and effort, the Kelloggs successfully applied the process to corn. However, they only sold cornflake by mail as a health food, to patients and former patients; Dr. Kellogg wasn’t interested in distributing it to the general public.
Flaked and sugar flaked cereals soon became an American staple with milk as a source of fortified Vitamin D from multiple suppliers. The flakes are sprayed with a sweet (sugary) solution at approximately 230 degrees C followed by rotary drum dryers and then a vitamin spray bath. Click Here to see a video on the process. The dried and sugary vitamin enhanced flakes are then packaged for supermarket shelves.
Each unit operation contributes to shelf life and taste, and benefits from monitoring with Near Infrared (NIR) Process Analyzers.
Happy Thanksgiving from Process Sensors! May all enjoy family friends and a great meal. Gobble! Gobble!
Before dinner later this week you’ll probably have some snack food appetizers. Maybe put out some Potato Chips for guests or some corn chips with dip. Have you ever wondered why your favorite brands taste so good, not too oily and crisped just right? Likely the manufacturer measures moisture and oil in the chip manufacturing process with a Near Infrared Moisture & Oil Transmitter. These non-contacting process transmitters supply digital displays, analog and digital outputs for monitoring, control and food safety data archiving. The stainless steel housing protects the transmitter from the often oily and salty environment. The QuikCheck At-Line and Lab Analyzer also speeds lab analysis of samples.
So when you next enjoy a crispy chip, think PSC!
Adhesive lane thickness and moisture measurement across a paper or film web continues to increase with food and other packaging demands. Instead of coating an entire web for label stock, these applications only coat narrow lanes of adhesive spaced across the web.
Process Sensors has developed a system that is quickly becoming the industry standard for spaced lane adhesive thickness and substrate moisture measurement. The Guardian Lane Measurement System allows operators to monitor each adhesive lane across the web.
The Scanning Frame System automatically detects web edges and stores lane locations from the edge to make measurements. The Near Infrared (NIR) transmitter can measure the coating on the wet end at the 1.94µ water peak or on the dry end at the 2.34µ hydrocarbon peak. The unique elongated and rectangular angled viewing area for measurement insures accurate measurement on even very narrow stripe/lane widths.
This Lane Measurement Profile System reduces start up time and scrap. After start up, systems normally run through and process measurement is less needed unless in closed loop control. Many small to medium sized companies benefit from these reasonable priced measurement systems but find that after start up and achieving set point, operators don’t always pay attention to profile. To meet this need, many incorporate Stack Alarms that trigger when any zone goes out of specification to alarm and cause the operator to view the profile and take corrective action (clean or replace a valve, increase actuator pressure, change water disk speed, adjust skew on LAS, etc.).
Data and Roll Reports can be saved and archived for QC and QA needs.
Individual Lanes Web Profile
Some believe that this originates from the date that the Knights Templar were arrested and their assets seized under the orders of French King Phillip IV on Friday the 13th, 1307. The Knights Templar name was derived from their first headquarters established in Jerusalem as Temple of Solomon in 1120 in the captured Al Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount which was allegedly built upon the ruins of Solomon’s original temple.
The Knights Templar were formed to protect Christian Pilgrims on their journey to Jerusalem and started with nine knights including Godfrey de Saint-Omer and André de Montbard. Their emblem of two Knights riding a single horse represented their poverty compared to other rival Knightly Orders such as Hospitaller and Teutonic . They lived on donations from Christian nobleman and Kings and were granted special privileges by the Church. Quickly their Order grew in size and assets. The likely high point of their military crusades was the defeat of Saladin’s army of 26,000 at the Battle of Montgisard with a few thousand soldiers led by 500 Templar Knights with their fierce attacks in full armor mounted on horses in 1177.
Over the years, the Knight Templars influence grew far away from the battlefield with administration, castles and estates in France and England. They developed one of the first banking systems so that travelers could make a deposit at the local Templar and receive a coded letter that when delivered to another Templar site allowed them to receive funds less a donation. This allowed travelers to avoid being robbed of gold or other riches by bandits when traveling.
As leadership changed, so did the Knights fortune. The Knights Templar rode across a desert in full armor with no rest to reach the Battle of the Horns of Hattin in 1187 where they were defeated soundly by Saladin when Muslim forces recaptured Jerusalem. Their military influence waned to non-existent as their financial position rapidly grew. While the Knights took an oath of poverty, the wealth the Order controlled was vast.
King Phillip the IV persuaded the new Pope Clement who had moved the Catholic Curia to Avignon France and under Phillip’s influence to investigate alleged crimes of the order so as to avoid paying the huge debt he owed the Knights Templar from financing his war with England. The Knights were accused of Satanic and Pagan like rituals and Heresy.
And so, on the morning of Friday the 13th, 1307 began the destruction of the order with the arrests and torture of the Knights culminating with Grand Master Jaques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney, Preceptor of Normandy, being burnt at the stake in Paris on March 18, 1314 after recanting their earlier confessions. Jaques de Molay allegedly screamed through the flames that “God knows who is wrong and has sinned and a calamity will occur to those who condemned us to death”. Pope Clement died within a month and King Phillip died of a hunting accident within a year.
The Great Fortune of the Knights Templar was never found and legends abound with most featuring escapes with Treasure by the surviving Knights to England, Scotland, and North America.
Jun Funashashi is a solution oriented engineer with strong experience in sales, engineering, manufacturing and customer service. Jun has 20+ years of experience in designing, supporting and selling special solutions for process control and industrial automation applications. He is also fluent in English and Japanese. Jun will be working out of the Chicago area on national and international projects. Process Sensors welcomes Jun to better serve you, our customers.
History of Veterans Day
World War I – known at the time as “The Great War” – officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France. However, fighting ceased seven months earlier when an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, between the Allied nations and Germany went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the end of “the war to end all wars.”
As we know, WWI did not end all wars and after WWII and the Korean Conflict what was originally a celebration of Armistice Day became Veteran’s Day to honor the Great Sacrifices of Many who fought for our Freedom Today.
Veterans Day continues to be observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls. The restoration of the observance of Veterans Day to November 11 not only preserves the historical significance of the date, but helps focus attention on the important purpose of Veterans Day: A celebration to honor America’s veterans for their patriotism, love of country, and willingness to serve and sacrifice for the common good.
Pressure Sensitive Adhesives (PSA) continue to expand their applications in packaging, converting, assembly, bookbinding, nonwovens, foot wear, automotive and many other markets. Infrared (IR) and Near Infrared (NIR) transmitters offer economical tools to improve Quality Control and Assurance while increasing Production Opportunity with improved Process Control.
Near Infrared Transmitters can measure wet end water based coatings, dry end organic depositions, pre-treatments and hot melt adhesive thickness. Roll, Doctor Blades, Air Knifes, Die Bolts and other coaters benefit from these measurements. These NIR transmitters can also measure moisture at the dryer exit and after re-moisturizing unit operations to reduce lay flat and edge curl. Mounting these transmitters on a scanning frame equipped with a position encoder, the web profile can be mapped on a PC to assist in maintaining a uniform profile across the web.
Infrared Pyrometers and Thermal Imaging Systems allow for temperature measurements to be incorporated into the control scheme and detection of hot spots in the manufacturing process. Pyrometers can be mounted at the exit of the dryer or internally for specific zone measurement. Thermal Imagers can identify cold and hot spots across the product to identify problems in unit operations that can then be corrected. Together NIR and IR tools greatly assist the development of consistent and uniform manufacturing while reducing the cost of manufacturing in-specification product.
November 5th is celebrated with Bonfires, Guy Fawkes masks and music throughout the UK. Generally folks appreciate the revelry and often overlook the story. Guy Fawkes tried to kill King James and Blow Up Parliment back in 1605 over religious persecution. Click Here to Read More. V is for Vendetta is a very interesting movie taking place in the future that makes use of the now famous Guy Fawkes mask and story. Below is an excerpt from the movie in which Hugo Weaving as V delivers a stirring speech!
Remember, remember, the Fifth of November, the Gunpowder Treason and Plot. I know of no reason why the Gunpowder Treason should ever be forgot…
“Voilà! In view, a humble vaudevillian veteran, cast vicariously as both victim and villain by the vicissitudes of Fate. This visage, no mere veneer of vanity, is a vestige of the vox populi, now vacant and vanished.”
“However, this valorous visitation of a by-gone vexation, stands vivified and has vowed to vanquish these venal and virulent vermin vanguarding vice and vouchsafing the violently vicious and voracious violation of volition.”
SHAPING THE FUTURE!
AIMCAL Web Coating & Handling Conference will be held October 25-28 at the Naples Grande Beach Resort in Florida. Process Sensors is an active participant in Aimcal and we look forward to meeting our many friends and customers at the conference. The congenial spirit and technical interactions help us learn from our customers and continue our strong support after sale tradition.
Please visit us at Booth #7 in the Royal Palm Ballroom!